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El Niño

El Niño Advisory: Latest Forecasts (http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/analysis_monitoring/enso_advisory/index.html)

El Niño Forecasts (http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/tao/elnino/forecasts.html)- Current El Niño and La Niña related climate predictions and forecasts

ENSO Web of Lamont Dougherty Geophysical Observatory of Columbia University (http://iri.columbia.edu/climate/ENSO/index.html)- A comprehensive site with background and current information on the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), El Niño and La Niña.

Florida State University Center for Ocean Atmosphere Prediction Studies (http://www.coaps.fsu.edu)- COAPS performs research in air-sea interaction, ocean, and coupled air-sea modeling, climate prediction on scales of months to decades, statistical studies and predictions of social economic consequences of the ocean-atmospheric variations.

Animations of El Niño Influence on United States (http://www.coaps.fsu.edu/grant/ushcn98)

Links to Data Sets and Animations (http://www.coaps.fsu.edu/research/ENSO.shtml)

Quickscat Movies of Ocean Surface Winds (http://www.coaps.fsu.edu/qscat/anim)

International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (http://iri.columbia.edu)- The mission of the IRI is to enhance society's capability to understand, anticipate and manage the impacts of seasonal climate fluctuations, in order to improve human welfare and the environment, especially in developing countries. This mission is to be conducted through strategic and applied research, education and capacity building, and provision of forecast and information products, with an emphasis on practical and verifiable utility and partnerships.

El Niño Page (http://iri.columbia.edu/climate/ENSO)

El Niño Teleconnections Probability Maps (http://pred.ldeo.columbia.edu/research/ENSO/enso.html)

NOAA (http://www.noaa.gov)- The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) conducts research and gathers data about the global oceans, atmosphere, space, and sun, and applies this knowledge to science and service that touch the lives of all Americans.

Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory (PMEL) (http://www.pmel.noaa.gov) - PMEL carries out interdisciplinary scientific investigations in oceanography and atmospheric science. Current PMEL programs focus on open ocean observations in support of long-term monitoring and prediction of the ocean environment on time scales from hours to decades.

El Niño Theme Page (http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/toga-tao/el-nino/nino-home.html)

Real-Time TAO Buoy Data From Equatorial Pacific (Java Applet) (http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/toga-tao/java/taoinfo.html)

What is an El Niño? (http://www.pmel.noaa.gov/toga-tao/el-nino-story.html)

Climate Prediction Center (http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/index.html)- assess and forecast the impacts of short-term climate variability, emphasizing enhanced risks of weather-related extreme events, for use in mitigating losses and maximizing economic gains.

Impacts on US Weather (http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/predictions/threats2/enso/elnino/index.html)

Seasonal Outlooks (Predictions) (http://www.cpc.ncep.noaa.gov/products/predictions/90day)

El Niño pages at the Jet Propulsion laboratory, Topex/Poseidon Project (http://topex-www.jpl.nasa.gov/science/el-nino.html) - The data from TOPEX/Poseidon, and in the future Jason-1, helps us study and understand the complex interactions between the oceans and the atmosphere which affect global weather and climate events. One well-known example of this interaction is an El Niño event.

Scripps Institution of Oceanography's El Niño Forecasts (http://meteora.ucsd.edu/pierce/elnino/pictures.html)

University of Texas Equatorial Page using Topex/Poseidon data (http://www.csr.utexas.edu/eqpac)

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration El Niño Page (http://www.elnino.noaa.gov)- El Niño is a disruption of the ocean-atmosphere system in the Tropical Pacific having important consequences for weather and climate around the globe. NOAA is the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, which has primary responsibilities for providing forecasts to the Nation, and a leadership role in sponsoring El Niño observations and research.

Revised on: 2 February, 2005