What's New in Oceanography?
- Oceanography is becoming much more closely integrated into earth-system
science. Many scientists are now trying to understand
the role of the ocean in weather, climate, and global change.
- Oceanographers are making more and more use
of remote sensing systems, including: satellites, drifters,
remotely operated vehicles, autonomous undersea vehicles, and subsea
- Computers and numerical modeling are essential
to most of oceanography.
A subtle, but pervasive achievement
of biological oceanography is that modelling has become a mainstream
activity: it permeates so much of our work that graduate students
in the discipline assume it is integral to biological oceanography. Modeling
was at one time an esoteric craft practiced by a gifted few; now
it is the norm. Today's biological oceanography student is more likely
to have a model than a microscope.
From Barber and Hilting (2000), page 19.
- Most biological oceanographers are more interested
in microbes, especially micro, nano, and pico plankton, than
|Dynamic, interacting systems
||Static, separate systems
Hydrosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere
|Life creates niches
||Life lives in niches
||Plants and animals
|Living earth formed by life
||Inanimate earth indifferent to life
|ROV, AUV, robotic satellites
||People on ships and in space
|Subsea observing systems
||Mathematical calculations by hand
||Static, unchanging climate
Barber, R. T. and A. K. Hilting (2000). Achievements in biological oceanography.
In: 50 Years of Ocean Discovery. Ocean
Studies Board, Washington DC, National Academy Press: 11--21.
3 August, 2009